Sunday, February 23, 2014
Genetic affinities of Estonian Poles
The Estonian Biocentre has a new genotype dataset available from the recently released "Khazar" preprint (see here). The samples include Poles from Estonia, so I ran a PCA to see whether there was a clear difference between them and their ethnic kin from Poland in terms of genome-wide genetic structure. This doesn't appear to be the case, except for a few individuals who probably have significant Estonian and/or northwest Russian ancestry (the several northernmost and easternmost Polish_Estonian samples on the plots below). It's an interesting result, considering that, as far as I know, most Estonian Poles are not of recent Polish origin, but have roots in the East Baltic dating back to the Polish-ruled Duchy of Livonia of the 1600s. Please note, the plots were rotated and stretched horizontally to fit with geography.
Behar, Doron M.; Metspalu, Mait; Baran, Yael; Kopelman, Naama M.; Yunusbayev, Bayazit; Gladstein, Ariella; Tzur, Shay; Sahakyan, Havhannes; Bahmanimehr, Ardeshir; Yepiskoposyan, Levon; Tambets, Kristiina; Khusnutdinova, Elza K.; Kusniarevich, Aljona; Balanovsky, Oleg; Balanovsky, Elena; Kovacevic, Lejla; Marjanovic, Damir; Mihailov, Evelin; Kouvatsi, Anastasia; Traintaphyllidis, Costas; King, Roy J.; Semino, Ornella; Torroni, Anotonio; Hammer, Michael F.; Metspalu, Ene; Skorecki, Karl; Rosset, Saharon; Halperin, Eran; Villems, Richard; and Rosenberg, Noah A., No Evidence from Genome-Wide Data of a Khazar Origin for the Ashkenazi Jews (2013). Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints. Paper 41.